How to answer WAEC summary questions effectively

Do you know that Summary writing is inevitable and not optional when writing the WAEC examination? Are you one of the students preparing for the WAEC examination?

You must have been taught that Summary writing is one of the compulsory questions that must be answered in the examination hall to have a good grade in the WAEC English Language questions.

The hard part remains, Summary writing has been a threat to students, and the threat has contributed to the poor performance in the WAEC English Language examination.


Save you also been kept in the cage of thinking English is a foreign language that Africans can’t fully understand? This knowledge can build a consciousness of failure towards the English Language both in internal and external examinations.

This is high time you opted out of the fear caused by people’s words concerning English exams.

Bereft getting involved in examination malpractice, let me take you through what I named “the 1 mins simple guide to answer your Summary Writing perfectly”.

I am sure you are currently mulling over to know if you can score all the 30 marks for the Summary Writing.


You are right to think it over because you can’t earn it through luck but by been educated!

On the verge of preparing for the WAEC English Examination, you must understand the scheme of the WAEC English Language exam to get along with the exam. English Language questions are divided into three different Papers, and each Paper has sessions. Summary Writing falls into this category.

This article explores to answer every question in your mind concerning Summary Writing.


Let’s get started!

WAEC English Language Examination Scheme

This quote, “Playing by the rules is the easiest way of winning a game,” reveals that having the passion to writing an examination is not the rule to succeed. It is by understanding and making use of the instructions guiding it.

As earlier mentioned, English Language questions are divided into three different Papers, namely:

  • Paper 1: this is the 40 marks objective question. It consists of 80 multiple-choice questions with a duration of 1 hour. It is divided into 5 sections.


  • Paper 2: This is split up into 3 sections with a total of 100 marks. It consists of Essay writing (50 marks), Comprehension reading (20 marks), and Summary writing (30 marks). It only lasts for 2 hours.


  • Paper 3: This is distributed into 7 sections with 30 marks, and it only lasts for 45minutes. It consists of 60 multiple-choice questions on the Test of Orals.

Summary Writing covers 30% of Paper 2 in the English Language WAEC exam.

The good news is that you can score all the 30 marks that Summary Writing covers in the WAEC exam. This is not about luck.

Okay, how?

You have to understand how to answer the questions effectively. Summary Writing deals with rules which you must pay attention to when preparing for the exam.

This article covers the rules that guide Summary Writing in simple actions.

What is Summary Writing?

Foremost, you need to know the definition of Summary Writing.

Summary Writing is the process of writing a given long passage in brief and concise words that is writing a short account of the given long-writing by the examiner after eliminating excessive points from the main points of the given long-writing and replacing it with their own words.

The main focus of the given long-writing must reflect in good Summary Writing.

Summary Writing encompasses the following four attributes that you must take note, they are;

  • Succinctness: conciseness is the basis for summary writing. It must be brief and direct.


  • Pertinence: summary writing is always relevant to the main focus of a long passage.


  • Clarity: it gives a clear and precise condensed form of long-writing.


  • Proper analysis of the given long passage: it must have an unbiased analysis of a long Passage in short writing.

Understanding the definition of Summary Writing will guide you to practice effectively before the examination likewise, guide you to answer when writing the exam.

Guides to answer Summary Writing Effectively

Rather than losing 30 marks, it is a profit for you to have the 30 marks of Summary Writing added to your score to have a good grade in the exam. There is this certainty that you can score the 30 marks awarded to Summary Writing in the WAEC exam scheme.

As long as you pay attention to the following guides and you practice your Summary Writing according to the guide frequently before the examination day, you can easily pave the way for a good grade for yourself.

Answer your Summary Writing effectively through the following guides:

  • Read the given long-writing at least twice: know the message passed across in the given long Summary Passage by reading it at least twice.


  • Read to understand the questions: reading line by line of the questions asked is a good option for you when answering Summary. You must have a proper understanding of the question before writing the answers.


  • Relevant answers recognition: from the given long-writing, you must recognize an answer to each question.


  • Keywords recognition: it is expedient to know the keywords used as answers to the questions from the given long-writing to recognize its


  • Change of keywords: every keyword in the given long-writing must be changed while its meaning mustn’t be lost. You are required to use your own words by the examiner. Change every word used by the examiner until you have no way to go about it.


  • Writing concise answers: Summary doesn’t need plenty of It is about summarizing/writing in-brief answers from the given long-writing in your own words.


  • Writing in the required number of sentences: the basic of guides is to follow the rules as been instructed by the examiner.


  • Use of good grammar: using correct synonyms of the keywords will preserve the savor of the whole given long-writing.

Stay conversant with the guides through constant tutorials before the examination day. Tutorials can build you in thinking fast, which will help you save time in the Examination hall. You can easily have time to do a check on your answers to avoid mistakes.

Make sure you proofread your answers on Summary Writing to avoid errors and mistakes. It is a way to stay assured of scoring all 30 marks.

BONUS: How you can lose marks in Summary Writing

While answering Summary questions in the WAEC exam, you must be careful of the below Summary rudiments that can cause you to be marked down.

They are;

  • Using of words directly as seen from the given long-writing.
  • Presence of verbosity and irrelevance words.
  • Using phrases and incomplete sentences.
  • Absence of clarified preamble/introduction.
  • Making use of more than the required number of sentences.
  • Grammatical and expressions mistakes.

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